CBD Glossary Of Terms

Photo: Romain Laprade (@romainlaprade)

So you're new to CBD- also known as cannabidiol, which also happens to be a cannabinoid. Confused? Don't worry! The Standard Dose team members were a little tongue-tied back when we started our CBD research, too. In order to get all of our cannabis terms straight (and let's be honest, there are a lot of them... and is it just us or do they sound really, really similar?), we created this handy glossary of CBD terms.

You'll notice it's not in alphabetical order and that's intentional. We find this progression helpful when trying to understand everything from the larger cannabis plant family to the smaller details...

Cannabis
A genus of plants that include both marijuana (psychoactive) and hemp (non-psychoactive).

Hemp
Cannabis plant that contains less than 0.3% THC and higher concentrations of CBD. Hemp is used both medicinally and commercially for textiles.

Marijuana
Cannabis plant that contains larger amounts of THC and is used both recreationally and medicinally. The flower of the female marijuana plant is the most potent.

Indica
Broad-leaf varieties of cannabis plants that have sedative properties and calming effects.

Sativa
Narrow-leaf varieties of cannabis plants that have stimulating properties.

Cannabinoid
113 various known compounds found in cannabis plant that activate the body’s natural cannabinoid receptors.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
The main psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. Products on the Standard Dose platform are derived from the hemp plant and contain THC less than or equal to the legal limit of 0.3%, while others contain no THC.

Psychoactivity
Effects from chemical compounds that can change brain function and alter perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, or behavior.

Cannabidiol (CBD)
A plant-derived, non-psychoactive cannabinoid that can alleviate stress, anxiety, inflammation, and muscle and joint pain.

Full Spectrum CBD
CBD extract containing a range of terpenes and cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant that include, but are not limited to, CBD CBG, CBN, and small amounts of THC.

Broad Spectrum CBD
CBD extract that contains a range of terpenes and cannabinoids, except THC, found in the cannabis plant.

CBD Isolate
CBD that has been isolated from all other compounds, including THC, and is at least 99% pure. CBD isolate does not have a smell or taste and is often mixed with carrying oils and used in tinctures, balms, and beverages.

Phytocannabinoid
A naturally occurring cannabinoid specific to the cannabis plant.

Endocannabinoid
Naturally occurring compounds in the body that bind to cannabinoid receptors and help regulate several physiological systems, including the nervous system.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
The biological system composed of endocannabinoids and receptors in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The ECS works with CBD to produce calming and regulatory effects.

Cannabinoid Receptors
Located throughout the body, cannabinoid receptors are a part of the ECS and are categorized into two sub-receptors: CB1 and CB2.

Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1 (CB1)
A cannabinoid receptor located predominantly in the central and peripheral nervous system, responsible for triggering the effects caused by THC.

Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2 (CB2)
A cannabinoid receptor located predominantly in the immune system.

Cannabigerol (CBG)
A phytocannabinoid, specific to the cannabis plant, that aids in the production of CBD and THC compounds. CBG has been known to increase dopamine levels, alleviate stress, and reduce inflammation and eye pressure.

Cannabinol (CBN)
CBN is a cannabinoid found in trace amount in the cannabis plant, most notable for its sedative, anti-insomnia properties.

Terpenes
The natural, aromatic, and flavorful attributes of plant-derived essential oils. Terpenes provide unique fragrances and may heighten mood and reduce stress levels, particularly when combined with CBD and other cannabinoids.

Pinene
An aromatic terpene with a piney fragrance, possessing uplifting properties.

Terpinolene
A terpene that possesses natural anti-anxiety properties.

Myrcene
A terpene found in fragrant plants and herbs, including cannabis. It is known for its earthy aroma.

Medium-Chain Triglyceride (MCT) Oil
A common carrier oil with MCTs typically derived from coconut. MCT oil contains essential fatty acids and is often used to mix with CBD for consumption.

2018 Farm Bill
The 2018 Farm Bill acknowledges the differences between hemp and marijuana and reclassifies hemp for commercial use, as hemp lacks a high concentration of THC. This distinction aided in the removal of hemp from the Controlled Substances Act.

Bioavailability
The amount of a substance absorbed into the bloodstream. Bioavailability impacts efficacy, meaning that products with optimized bioavailability have a higher absorption rate than those with low bioavailability.

Botanical
Substances obtained from plants that are typically used as an additive to topical creams and lotions, beverages, and other cosmetics for their unique flavor and health benefits.

Tincture
A tincture is herbal extract from plants formed into a liquid concentrate.